Shell in Linux?

What is Shell in Linux?

The shell can be defined as a command interpreter on an operating system like Linux / GNU / UNIX. This is a program that runs other programs. The shell features each user's computer as a UNIX / GNU Linux System interface. Therefore, the user can make different tools/utilities or commands with a few input data.

When running a program that is running a program, the user sends the user to the user through the shell screen. That is why it is called "command interpreter." Shell is not only a command interpreter. Additionally, the shell is the complete programming language such as functions, variables, variables, variables, loops, conditional execution, etc.

Different types of Shell

There are two different types of Shell:

  1. Graphical Shells
  2. Command-Line Shells

Graphical Shells - These shells specify these shells by manipulations of moving and closing windows of moving and closing windows. To interact with the program, you can check the Ubuntu OS or Windows OS as an excellent example to the user who will offer a graphical user interface. No need to type a command for different users.

Command-Line Shells - Users can access various shells with the help of a command-line interface. “ls," "cat" offer a unique program known as the Command Prompt in the MacOS / Linux; it runs more. The user's result is shown more than the user in the terminal.

Running in a command-line shell is difficult to remember many of the commands for many beginners. The command-line shell is very dominant and allows users to store and store the commands in a file and run them together. In this way, you can easily automate the repeat function. Usually, shell scripts in these files / Linux systems are known as the batch of windows.

There are various types of shells as follows:

  • Csh/Tcsh Shell – Tcsh is an upgraded version of the C shell. It can be used as a shell script command processor and interactive login shell. It includes the following characteristics:
    • C like syntax
    • Filename completion and programmable word
    • Command-line editor
    • Job control and Spelling correction
  • Ksh Shell – Ksh is referred to as Korn Shell. The Ksh shell was developed and designed by David G.Korn. The Ksh shell is a high-level, complete, and robust programming language, a reciprocal command like many other GNU / Unix Linux shells. The C shell and syntax use is equivalent to the C programming language.
  • Zsh Shell - The ZSH shell combines various aspects of the other GNU / Unix Linux shells and combines multiple Ksh, tcsh, and bash aspects. Additionally, the POSIX Shell Standard features were based on the Korn shell. Additionally, it is a robust scripting language such as other available shells. Some of its unique features are listed as follows:
    • Startup files
    • Filename generation
    • Login/Logout watching
    • Concept index
    • Closing comments
    • Variable index
    • Key index
    • Function index and various others that we could find out within the main pages.
  • Fish - The Fish stands for “Friendly Interactive Shell." It was built in 2005. The Fish shell was developed as complete user-friendliness and interactive as other shells. This contains some of the good features mentioned below:
    • Web-based configuration
    • Manpage completions
    • Auto-suggestions
    • Support for term256 terminal automation
    • Entirely scripted with clean scripts

What is Shell Prompt in Linux?

This is known as a command prompt; it is provided through the shell. We can type any command when prompted. Shell reading our input after we clicked Enter. This shows the command we want to run by the initial word of our input. A word can be defined as an unbroken set of characters, and tabs and spaces separate words.

What do you mean by Shell Scripting?

The Command Script is the general idea of the shell script. A good shell script will contain comments on the # symbol. Shell functions and scripts are interpreted, which means they do not compile. Conditional tests such as value y are more significant than value z, can contain and store and read data, store and read data, have these scripts, and include these scripts.

The shells are usually interactive, which means they get commands as the user's input and run them. Sometimes we want to run a set of commands regularly, but we should type for commands within the terminal. A shell script includes syntax and consists of syntax. When we get the previous experience, we get the prior experience with C / C ++ and Python, etc., when we get the last incident. The shell script combines the below components:


  • Control flow: if, else, then, shell loops, case, etc.
  • Shell commands: touch, pwd, echo, ls, cd, etc.
  • Shell keywords: break, if, else, etc.

What is the use of Shell Scripts?

There are many reasons to use the shell scripts:

  • To avoid automation and repetitive work.
  • Shell scripting the shell scripting using multiple regular backups.
  • Including new activities for the shell.
  • System monitoring etc.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Shell Script


  • The syntax and command are similar to that the command is directly given on a command line. Therefore, programmers do not have to change entirely to a different syntax.
  • Interactive debugging.
  • A quick start.
  • It is swift to write shell scripts etc.


  • The harmful command to a single error can be modified; a costly mistake is possible.
  • Design shortage in language implementation and syntax.
  • A slow implementation speed.
  • Offering Minimal Data Structure Other Scripting Languages.
  • Complicated and not well agitated to big tasks.