What is Maven?

What is Maven?

Maven is a solution for project management and understanding that provides developers with a complete life cycle framework. The development team can automate the project building infrastructure in nearly no time as the Maven directory layout, and a default building cycle is used.

Maven can define the approach to work according to standards within a short time in the case of numerous development team environments. Since most project configurations are simple and reusable, Maven makes it easy for developers to establish reports, controls and test automation configurations.

Maven offers developers the following techniques to manage –

  • Builds
  • Documentation
  • Reporting Reporting
  • Dependencies
  • SCMs
  • Releases
  • Distribution
  • Mailing list

To sum up, Maven simplifies and standardize the process of project construction. It works flawlessly on compiling, distribution, documentation, teamwork and other duties. Maven promotes reusability and handles most of the duties associated with the construction.

Maven Evolution

Initially, Maven was meant to streamline construction processes for Jakarta Turbine. There were numerous projects with somewhat different ANT construct files, and JARs have been inspected in CVS.

The Apache Group has developed Maven, enabling numerous projects to be developed together, project data to be published, JARs to be shared among various projects and teams to be helpful.


Maven's main objective is to offer the following developers -

  • A comprehensive project model that can be reused, maintained and understandable.
  • Plugins or tools interact with this model of declaration.

In an XML file, pom.xml, called Project Object Model (POM), a core part of the whole Maven system, Maven project structure and contents are declared. We shall describe POM in detail in the next chapters.

Maven characteristics

  • Simple, best practice-oriented project setup.
  • Consistent use throughout all projects.
  • Administration of dependencies, including automated updates.
  • A widespread and expanding library repository.
  • Extensive, capable of writing Java or scripting plugins simply.
  • Instant access with little or no additional configuration to new features.
  • Model-based construction - Maven can build several projects in pre-defined output kinds like a jar, war, metadata.
  • Coherent project information site – Maven may develop a website and PDF containing entire documentation, using the same metadata as its construction process.
  • Release and distribution management − MAV integrates with your source control system like CVS and administers project release without any additional settings.
  • Backward Compatibility − From prior Maven versions, many project modules can easily be moved to Maven 3. The older versions can also be supported.
  • Automated parent versioning − No parent needs to be specified for maintenance in the sub-module.
  • Builds parallel − The project dependency diagram is analyzed, and you can create schedule modules concurrently. This allows you to obtain 20-50 per cent performance gains.
  • Better report of errors and integrity − Maven has enhanced reporting of errors and provides you with a link to the Maven wiki page that gives you a complete description of the error.