Characteristic features

Key Characteristic Features of Hibernate


Hibernate is a lightweight framework because it doesn't include any extra features and only employs the ones needed for object-relational mapping. Because it employs persistent classes for data transport between Java applications and databases, it is a lightweight framework.

Open Source

Hibernate is open-source software, implying that anyone can use it for free. Its source code is open source, allowing anybody to utilize and develop hibernation applications. It can be downloaded at, the project's official website. Hibernate 5.4 is the most recent version available for download.

Object Relational Mapping (ORM)

Hibernate is an object-relational mapping (ORM) solution that aids in connecting java classes with relational databases. It also resolves the issue of data inconsistency between Java applications and RDBMS.

High Performance

Hibernate provides various fetching techniques such as caching, lazy initialization, and others to achieve excellent performance.

HQL (Hibernate Query Language)

Hibernate features its query language, HQL, which is database-independent. HQL is an object-oriented language that works with persistent objects and properties comparable to SQL.


Hibernate has two caching levels: first-level and second-level caching. Caching is the technique of temporarily storing data in cache memory to increase data access speed.


Hibernate has an automatic table generation function. It means that a programmer does not have to worry about query implementation because Hibernate handles it for them.


Hibernate is highly scalable since it may be used in virtually any setting. Hibernate is suitable for both small and large-scale projects.

Lazy Loading

Lazy loading is a novel idea that Hibernate supports. The lazy loading notion retrieves only the objects required for execution, and it also boasts an application's performance.

Easy to learn

Hibernate is a simple to learn and use framework. It is developer-friendly since it automatically handles database changes, reducing the developer's workload.

Database Independent

Because Hibernate provides a 'Database Dialect,' it is database-independent. We don't have to create SQL queries. It works with various databases, including Oracle, MySql, Sybase, and others.