Automation Tester Interview Questions And Their Answers
Q6: What are the different parts of a test automation framework?
Ans: A test automation framework simplifies automated testing for your programme. The following are some of the components of a test automation framework.
Test Data Management
- Generating test data is a significant issue in automated testing. A decent test automation framework makes it simple to generate test data for the application being tested.
- Managing and executing automated tests is an important part of any automated testing approach. A test automation framework includes libraries that simplify test management.
- Unit tests, integration tests, and end-to-end tests are all supported by a competent test automation framework.
- Contains any graphical user interface (GUI) or command-line tools that make it easy for testers to execute the collection of tests frequently.
- It also includes tools for doing performance testing on applications under high load.
Q7: What is automated regression testing?
Ans: Software is never finished. The developers are continually adding new features and services, as well as addressing issues. There is a possibility that all of this additional code will damage the previously working functionality. Users detest using a malfunctioning product after downloading and installing a new update. They want the programme to provide a consistent and dependable experience regardless of the version they are using. They also anticipate that previously functioning functionalities will continue to function and will not break in the future.
Regression testing is a testing approach in which a tester ensures that new additions do not interfere with current functionality. Its objective is to verify that previously written and tested functionality continues to function once new code is added. Automated regression testing occurs when a tester does regression testing automatically utilizing testing frameworks and tools.
A tester performs the suite of regression tests following each new programme's release in automated regression testing. If the tests pass, the tester moves on to additional forms of testing. If it fails, there is no sense in continuing the tests until the developers resolve the faulty regression tests. As a result, they save the tester time and guarantee the quality of software before releasing it.
Q8: What is Selenium? What are its pros and cons?
Ans: Browser automation and cross-browser testing are two important testing tasks for any online application to verify that the programme works on various browsers/devices/platforms. Selenium is a popular web automation tool that can assist with this. It is one of the most commonly used and popular automated testing tools.
Advantages of Selenium:
- Open Source: It was created in the open and has received a lot of community support. The programme is updated regularly, ensuring that major issues and bugs are resolved and new features are added regularly.
- Cross-Browser: Selenium allows you to execute and test your web application on various browsers, including Chrome, Safari, and Firefox.
- Cross-platform: Selenium may be used on Windows, Mac OS, and Linux. This allows you to test your web application's platform compatibility.
- Language Agnostic: Selenium may be used in various programming languages, including Java, C#, Python, Ruby, and others.
Disadvantages of Selenium:
- Learning Curve: One of the most prevalent and reoccurring issues raised by new testers is that Selenium is difficult to learn and takes a long time to master. Prior programming expertise is required.
- No support for desktop/mobile: Selenium only works with online apps. It cannot be used to test desktop or mobile applications.
- No reliable tech support: Because it's open-source software, there's no specialized tech support to call if you run into issues.
- Complicated debugging: Selenium programmes are more difficult to debug than other tools and frameworks.
Q9: What is UI testing?
Ans: The software's user interface is the sole thing that users see, touch, and feel. They are unconcerned with the backend programming, database, or frameworks utilized to create the software. Creating an application with faulty, inconsistent, or unpleasant user interfaces might result in client loss. The purpose of user interface testing is to guarantee that the programme provides a consistent user experience and that no visual or graphical components on the screen are damaged. A sophisticated UI testing also guarantees that the user interface is intuitive, eliminates frequent errors, and does not interfere with the users' ability to do their tasks. UI testing is typically done by hand by a human tester. With improvements in automation testing tools and frameworks, UI testing is becoming a suitable candidate for automation.
Q10: What are some risks associated with automated testing?
Ans: Although test automation has many advantages, such as efficient and rapid testing, there are a few hazards that a team should be aware of.
- A team can make a significant expenditure to begin automated testing. Automated tests need a large amount of code as well as expensive instruments. Developers and testers devote a substantial amount of work to understanding and implementing automated tests.
- However, when implemented, the team may discover that the testing method isn't adding any actual value since the programme is complicated, with continuously changing configuration and features. They must maintain the exams up to current at all times.
Playing catch-up with the technology.
- Automation testing tools and frameworks, like any other software, are always evolving. The automation tools have a high learning curve and need prior programming knowledge.
- Instead of selecting and mastering a tool, the development/testing team spends their time learning and experimenting with new tools and technologies. In that situation, the promised benefit of automated testing may not be realized.
- All code must be maintained and kept up to date with new needs and bug fixes. The code for test automation is no exception.
- Automated testing has failed if developers and testers spend most of their time working on the automation framework rather than adding new features or addressing issues in the programme.