Components of NLP

Components of NLP

The following are the five main components of Natural Language Processing in AI:

  • Morphological and Lexical Analysis
  • Syntactic Analysis
  • Semantic Analysis
  • Discourse Integration
  • Pragmatic Analysis

Morphological and Lexical Analysis

Lexical analysis is the study of a vocabulary's word and expressions. It depicts the analysis, identification, and description of word structure. It entails breaking down a text into paragraphs, words, and sentences.

Individual words are broken down into their constituent parts, and nonword characters like punctuation are isolated from the words.

Semantic Analysis

The syntactic analyzer creates a semantic analysis framework, which gives meanings to words. This component converts word sequences into structures in a linear fashion, and it demonstrates how the words are related to one another.

The literal meaning of words, phrases, and sentences is considered in semantics. This removes the dictionary definition or the true meaning from the context. The syntactic analyzer always assigns meaning to the structures it assigns.

"Colorless green thought," for example. The Symantec analysis would rule this out as colourless, and green makes no sense in this context.

Pragmatic Analysis

The overall communicative and social content and its impact on interpretation are the focus of pragmatic analysis. It refers to the process of abstracting or extracting the meaning of a situation's use of language. The main focus in this study was always on what was said and reinterpreted on what was meant.

By applying a set of norms that characterize cooperative interactions, pragmatic analysis assists users in discovering the intended result.

"Close the window?"

Syntax analysis

Words are widely considered to be the smallest units of syntax. The principles and rules that control the sentence construction of any given language are referred to as syntax.

The syntax is concerned with the right arrangement of words, which impacts their meaning. This entails analyzing the words of a sentence while following the statement's grammatical structure. To show how the words are related, the words are turned into a structure.

Discourse Integration

It denotes a grasp of the situation. The preceding sentences determine the meaning of any single statement and evaluate the following sentence's meaning.

The word "that" in the sentence "He wanted that," for example, is dependent on the preceding discourse context.